Source code for kiwi.command

# Copyright (c) 2015 SUSE Linux GmbH.  All rights reserved.
#
# This file is part of kiwi.
#
# kiwi is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# kiwi is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with kiwi.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>
#
import select
import os
import logging
import subprocess
from collections import namedtuple

# project
from kiwi.utils.codec import Codec

from kiwi.exceptions import (
    KiwiCommandError,
    KiwiCommandNotFound
)

log = logging.getLogger('kiwi')

command_type = namedtuple(
    'command', ['output', 'error', 'returncode']
)


[docs]class Command: """ **Implements command invocation** An instance of Command provides methods to invoke external commands in blocking and non blocking mode. Control of stdout and stderr is given to the caller """
[docs] @staticmethod def run( command, custom_env=None, raise_on_error=True, stderr_to_stdout=False ): """ Execute a program and block the caller. The return value is a hash containing the stdout, stderr and return code information. Unless raise_on_error is set to false an exception is thrown if the command exits with an error code not equal to zero Example: .. code:: python result = Command.run(['ls', '-l']) :param list command: command and arguments :param list custom_env: custom os.environ :param bool raise_on_error: control error behaviour :param bool stderr_to_stdout: redirects stderr to stdout :return: Contains call results in command type .. code:: python command(output='string', error='string', returncode=int) :rtype: namedtuple """ from .path import Path log.debug('EXEC: [%s]', ' '.join(command)) environment = os.environ if custom_env: environment = custom_env if not Path.which( command[0], custom_env=environment, access_mode=os.X_OK ): message = 'Command "%s" not found in the environment' % command[0] if not raise_on_error: log.debug('EXEC: %s', message) return command_type( output=None, error=None, returncode=-1 ) else: raise KiwiCommandNotFound(message) stderr = subprocess.STDOUT if stderr_to_stdout else subprocess.PIPE try: process = subprocess.Popen( command, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=stderr, env=environment ) except Exception as e: raise KiwiCommandError( '%s: %s: %s' % (command[0], type(e).__name__, format(e)) ) output, error = process.communicate() if process.returncode != 0 and not error: error = bytes(b'(no output on stderr)') if process.returncode != 0 and not output: output = bytes(b'(no output on stdout)') if process.returncode != 0 and raise_on_error: log.debug( 'EXEC: Failed with stderr: {0}, stdout: {1}'.format( Codec.decode(error), Codec.decode(output) ) ) raise KiwiCommandError( '{0}: stderr: {1}, stdout: {2}'.format( command[0], Codec.decode(error), Codec.decode(output) ) ) return command_type( output=Codec.decode(output), error=Codec.decode(error), returncode=process.returncode )
[docs] @staticmethod def call(command, custom_env=None): """ Execute a program and return an io file handle pair back. stdout and stderr are both on different channels. The caller must read from the output file handles in order to actually run the command. This can be done using the CommandIterator from command_process Example: .. code:: python process = Command.call(['ls', '-l']) :param list command: command and arguments :param list custom_env: custom os.environ :return: Contains process results in command type .. code:: python command( output='string', output_available=bool, error='string', error_available=bool, process=subprocess ) :rtype: namedtuple """ from .path import Path log.debug('EXEC: [%s]', ' '.join(command)) environment = os.environ if custom_env: environment = custom_env if not Path.which( command[0], custom_env=environment, access_mode=os.X_OK ): raise KiwiCommandNotFound( 'Command "%s" not found in the environment' % command[0] ) try: process = subprocess.Popen( command, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE, env=environment ) except Exception as e: raise KiwiCommandError( '%s: %s' % (type(e).__name__, format(e)) ) def output_available(): def _select(): descriptor_lists = select.select( [process.stdout], [], [process.stdout], 1e-4 ) readable = descriptor_lists[0] exceptional = descriptor_lists[2] if readable and not exceptional: return True return _select def error_available(): def _select(): descriptor_lists = select.select( [process.stderr], [], [process.stderr], 1e-4 ) readable = descriptor_lists[0] exceptional = descriptor_lists[2] if readable and not exceptional: return True return _select command = namedtuple( 'command', [ 'output', 'output_available', 'error', 'error_available', 'process' ] ) return command( output=process.stdout, output_available=output_available(), error=process.stderr, error_available=error_available(), process=process )